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No. 14, February 2001
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Biography of Ehud Barak
Article added on February 13, 2001

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Ehud Barak was born in a kibbutz in 1942. In 1959, he joined the Israel Defense Forces. During the Six Day War in 1967, he served as reconnaissance group commander, in the Yom Kippur War in 1973 as tank battalion commander on the southern front in the Sinai. In 1972, Barak led an elite commando unit which stormed a hijacked Sabena airplane. In 1973, he led a commando unit in Beirut which assassinated three high ranking officials of Al-Fatah which were involved in the massacre of the Israeli Olympic delegation in Munich. In 1976, he led the legendary storming of the hijacked airplane in Entebbe. The same year, Barak got a a B.Sc. in Physics and Mathematics from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and, in 1978, a Master of Science in Engineering-Economic Systems from Stanford University, California. In 1982, Barak was appointed Head of the IDF Planning Branch, promoted to Major General. During the 1982 "Peace for Galilee" operation, he served as Deputy Commander of the Israeli force in Lebanon. In 1983, he was appointed Head of the Intelligence Branch at the IDF General Headquarters. In 1986, he was appointed Commander of the IDF Central Command and, in 1987, he became Deputy Chief-of-Staff. In 1991, Barak assumed the post of the 14th Chief of the General Staff and was promoted to the rank of Lt. General, the highest grade in the Israeli military. Following the 1994 signing of the Gaza-Jericho agreement with the Palestinian leaders, Barak oversaw the IDF's redeployment in the Gaza Strip and Jericho. He played a central role in finalizing the peace treaty with Jordan, signed in 1994, and met with his Syrian counterpart as part of the Syrian-Israeli negotiations. In early 1995, Barak retired from the army. From July to November 1995, he served as Minister of the Interior and, from November 1995 to June 1996, as Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1996, he was elected to the Knesset where he served as a Member of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. In 1996, Barak was also elected Chairman of the Labor Party. In 1999, he formed the One Israel Party from the Labor, Gesher and Meimad factions. Barak was elected Prime Minister of Israel on May 17, 1999, also assuming the office of Minister of Defense until the electoral defeat of February 2001.

Check also the articles on Ariel Sharon, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat.
 

 

www.cosmopolis.ch
No. 14, February 2001
Deutsche Ausgabe  Archiv  Kunst  Film  Musik  Geschichte  Politik  Lebensart  Reisen
English edition  Archives  Art  Film  Music  History  Politics  Lifestyle  Travel

Copyright 2001  www.cosmopolis.ch  Louis Gerber  All rights reserved.