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No. 14, February 2001
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Biography of Shimon Peres
Article added on February 13, 2001
updated on March 13, 2001
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Shimon Peres was born in Poland (today's White Russia) in 1923. In 1934, as a child, he emigrated to Palestine with his family. He studied at the Ben Shemen Agricultural School and was one of the founders of a kibbutz in the Jordan Valley. In 1943, he was elected secretary of the Hano'ar Ha'oved youth. In the War of Independence, Peres was responsible for arms purchases and recruitment and, in 1948, appointed head of the naval services. In 1949, he headed the Defense Ministry's procurement delegation to the United States. In 1952, he was appointed Deputy Director-General of the Ministry of Defense and, from 1953 to 1959, served as its Director-General. Since 1959, Peres has been a member of the Knesset. From 1959 to 1965, he served as Deputy Minister of Defense. In 1965, he left the Mapai Labour Party with Ben-Gurion and became Secretary-General of Rafi. In 1968, he was a key figure in bringing Rafi back to Mapai to form the Israel Labour Party. In 1969, Peres became Minister of Immigrant Absorption. From 1970 to 1974, he served as Minister of Transport and Communications. In 1974, he was appointed Minister of Information and later, Minister of Defense, an office he held until 1977. On his tenure, the Entebbe rescue operation took place. In 1977, Peres was elected chairman of the Labour Alignment. In 1978, Peres was elected Vice-President of the Socialist International. From 1984 to 1986, he served as Prime Minister and, from 1986 to 1988, as Vice Premier and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the National Unity Government. Israel withdrew from Lebanon and an economic stabilization plan was implemented in his tenure as Prime Minister. In the National Unity government from 1988 to 1990, Peres served as Vice Premier and Minister of Finance. From 1990 to 1992, he led the opposition in the Knesset. In July 1992, Peres began his second tenure as Israel's Minister of Foreign Affairs as a member of the new government led by the Labour Party. In October 1994, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in the Middle East peace process, together with Arafat and Rabin. After the assassination of Rabin, he became Prime Minister and was confirmed by the Knesset in November 1995. In May 1996, Peres lost a close election to Benjamin Netanyahu of the Likud block and, in July 2000, surprisingly, the Presidential election to the Likud candidate Mosche Katzav.
 
Check also the articles on Ariel Sharon, Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat.

 

www.cosmopolis.ch
No. 14, February 2001
Deutsche Ausgabe  Archiv  Kunst  Film  Musik  Geschichte  Politik  Lebensart  Reisen
English edition  Archives  Art  Film  Music  History  Politics  Lifestyle  Travel

Copyright 2001  www.cosmopolis.ch  Louis Gerber  All rights reserved.