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Ray Brown 1926-2002
Ray Brown was The Man! Number One! The First!
Article by “Beethoven” Jean-Michel Reisser, with the help of Emil G. Davidson, the “Zipper”! Article added on August 1, 2010

A musical biography of  the jazz bassist Ray Brown (sheet music)


Ray Brown (1926-2002) was the First to take the bass from the back of the band and place it up front, establishing it as a solo instrument in the process. He is a seminal figure in the music because his virtuosity revolutionized the way the bass was played. On Jazz bass, Ray Brown was The Man. Count Basie called him “The Devil”.

Listen to Lionel Hampton: “Ray was The Man! He got the biggest and strongest sound ever on the bass. His sound came directly from the center of the earth. Like an earthquake.”

The tremors Ray Brown generated continue to rumble throughout the world of the Jazz bass today. Virtually every modern bass player is a beneficiary of Ray’s ground-breaking approach to the instrument and is influenced by his playing in some way. Ray Brown was a First!

To most musicians, critics, and fans Ray Brown was considered the Number One Jazz bassist in the world over six decades, but he was a lot more than just a great musician. He also excelled in every aspect of his multi-talented, multi-faceted career as a composer, arranger, producer, manager, leader, catalyst, and astute businessman.

There were a lot of “Firsts” in Ray Brown’s career:

Take his First night in New York City in 1945: Upon his arrival, he went immediately to 52nd Street, the Mecca of Jazz in those days. There he looked up Hank Jones whom he’d met before and who had heard him play.  Within minutes, Jones introduced Ray to Dizzy Gillespie who invited him to his home the next day. When he arrived, Ray discovered he was joining a group composed of Dizzy, Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, and Max Roach – all future Jazz Hall of Famers. Not bad for less than 24 hours in the Big Apple! As a co-innovator of “Be-Bop”, Ray also helped revolutionize the language of Jazz.

Listen to Hank Jones: “Mr. Brown was ‘Mr. Bass’, that’s it! When I first heard him play in 1943 I said to myself, ‘Good God! This man comes from another planet!’ I had never heard a bass played like that. And he swung so hard.”

“One Bass Hit” in 1946, made Ray The First modern bass player to be featured on a concerto for bass and big band. It was followed the next year by “Two Bass Hit”.

Also in 1946, he became The First bassist to be the regular leader of his own trio featuring Hank Jones on piano and either Charlie Smith, Buddy Rich, or Shelly Manne on drums.

In 1947, he became The First bass player in the Milt Jackson Quartet, joining  John Lewis and Kenny Clarke. (He even recorded their First album when the group became better known as the Modern Jazz Quartet in 1952.) But rather than committing to the MJQ permanently, Ray preferred to pursue a variety of musical contexts.

His First marriage was to Ella Fitzgerald in 1948, and Ray played a key role in guiding Ella’s career. His sage advice and knowledge of the music business steered Ella to both Hank Jones and the top manager at the time, Norman Granz, moves that marked a turning point and helped elevate Ella to the top level of the music world where she remained for the rest of her life.

1949 was the First collaboration between Ray Brown and Oscar Peterson with whom he performed regularly until 1965.  According to the man who should know, he helped Oscar attain musical heights he might never have achieved without him.

Listen to Oscar: “If I had never played with Ray, I would have never reached the level I have. He was ‘The Man’ who did it for me. We were born to play together.”

That’s only the first five years of this man’s extraordinary career. He was just getting started.

In 1956, Ray was the First bassist featured as the soloist with a big band on an entire album. It happened in Los Angeles and the whole session was composed, arranged, and conducted by Marty Paich expressly for Ray. And it was another First: An African-American artist featured in front of an all-white band at a time when studio work in Los Angeles was still out of bounds for Black musicians. “Sweets” Edison was the lone exception and Ray insisted on having “Sweets” as a featured player for this date.

In 1963, he wrote the First book on playing the Jazz bass.



Moving to Los Angeles in 1965, he was immediately in great demand by the studios where his distinctive bass is heard on the scores of countless movies and television shows.  For television, Ray recorded Lalo Schifrin’s iconic “Mannix” and “Mission Impossible” themes, and for fifteen years was a regular member of the band of “The Merv Griffin Show”, often sitting-in with “The Tonight Show” orchestra as well.

Ray performs on most of Lalo Schifrin’s film scores, as well as those of Hank Mancini and Quincy Jones. For Jones’ score of the film classic, “In Cold Blood”, Quincy had Ray provide the musical voice for both of the film’s villains.

Listen to Quincy: “Ray Brown is on every recording date I ever do -- if I can get him. He’s simply The Best there’s ever been.”

Through the years, Ray always enjoyed playing with fellow bassists like Milt Hinton, Oscar Pettiford, John Clayton, NHOP (Niels Pedersen), Christian McBride, Jay Leonhard, Victor Wooten, Edgar Meyer, Francois Rabbath, and Pierre Boussaguet with whom he formed a regular group named Two Bass Hit.

Listen to Pierre: “I know how much Ray loved bass players, and he gave me so much. He continually provoked me gently to reach higher in my playing. For him, the music was about sharing and emulating.”

Ray even played with classical bass virtuoso, Gary Karr, and was honored as “King of the Bass” by other “long hairs” like cellists Vladimir Rostropovich and Yo-Yo Ma, and violinists Itzhak Perlman and Yehudi Menuhin, among others.

But there was a lot more to Ray Brown than just playing the bass…

During the 60’s, 70’s, and 80’s, he managed the careers of Quincy Jones and many other great artists.

In 1972, he co-founded the legendary Concord record label with Carl Jefferson and served as musical director for both the Monterey and Concord Jazz Festivals.

For twenty years, he produced many concerts at the world-famous Hollywood Bowl as a musical director, manager, and musician.

Showing his concern for the welfare of his fellow musicians, many less fortunate than he, his displayed his solidarity by testifying for them in a big court case pitting the musicians’ union against the major studios. The union won the case.

Ray Brown’s generosity with his time, energy, and wise counsel over the years helped nurture the careers of many young musicians. He also almost single-handedly launched and mentored the careers of Phineas Newborn Jr. and
Diana Krall, and his promotion of two European pianists, Dado Moroni and Jacky Terrason, helped establish them as international stars.

He also showcased young players as members of The Ray Brown Trio -- as with pianists Gene Harris, Benny Green, Geoff Keezer, and Larry Fuller, and drummers Jeff Hamilton, Greg Hutchinson, George Fludas, and Karriem Riggins.

Listen to Jeff Hamilton: “Ray was always willing to share his wealth of experience and knowledge with younger players who were hungry. He always told John Clayton and me, ‘We’ve got to keep this alive. People showed me. I’m just trying to pass on that information to those who really want it.’ His intensity, passion for giving 100% EVERY night, and pure joy all came together when he played.”

Listen to Larry Fuller, his last piano player in his trio: “Having the opportunity to play with Ray Brown was a childhood musical dream realized. As a kid growing up, I listened to him on countless legendary recordings with jazz giants such as Oscar Peterson, Herb Ellis, Monty Alexander, Clark Terry and so many more. Playing in his trio was one of the richest musical experiences of my life. Ray Brown was one of a kind. He had that uncann , intangible, rare ability to pick up the bass and play one or two notes and you knew it was Ray! Ray Brown was such a complete musician, and this is why he was the consummate bassist of all time. Ray could sit down at the the piano and play the most beautiful chord voicings. He had complete command of the jazz vocabulary. He incorporated into his musical style, extensive arpeggios across the range of the instrument, along with the melodic lines of a horn player, while always setting the most infectious swinging pulse in jazz. Ray Brown changed the way the bass was played in jazz. His musical genius surpassed and transcended simply being a bassist. Ray was also a mentor to so many young jazz musicians and was committed to nurturing their talent by sharing his abundant knowledge of this art form. As a bandleader he intuitively knew the inherent strengths of his sidemen and would write and arrange specifically to showcase them. He had a terrific sense of humor and seemed to intuitively know when to use it to thwart any tensions in his band, in order to keep the morale of the group conducive to playing with passion and joy. It was a blessing to play with the great Ray Brown.



Ray loved to feature new faces as guest artists with the Trio: musicians like Swedish guitarist Ulf Wakenius, Australian multi-instrumentalist James Morrison, tenor Joshua Redmond, trumpeters Terrence Blanchard and Roy Hargrove, and flutist Holly Hofmann.

Listen to Holly Hofmann: “Playing with Ray’s trio and spending time with him on the road was an education like no other. He was all about the music feeling good. I’ve never met a musician who loved to work as much as Ray!”

Listen to John Clayton: “By example, Ray Brown guided the world to journey with him down a musical path of swing and fun. His contributions continue to open minds and hearts and cause people to smile, all the way down to their souls.”

The 2-CD set you have in your hands represents the complete 1946-1959 sessions recorded by Ray Brown as a leader. It contains many gems.

One is a forgotten track Ray did in a duo with his all-time favorite bassist Oscar Pettiford at The Lenox School in Massachusetts. With characteristic class, Oscar plays the cello. Since his passing in 1960, Oscar is not only considered one of the top geniuses of the bass ever, but is also considered one of the finest Jazz cellists as well.

One tune, “Slow Down”, never before released, features a trio of Ray, Hank Jones, and Buddy Rich. Ray’s solo on the track quotes some typical Lester Young’s lines.

Four of the tunes in this collection are extremely rare:

“Blue Lou” and “Song of The Volga Boatmen” are both from the 1950 trio session on Clef Records.

“Base Ball” comes from the 1957 double LP, “The Playboy Jazz All-Star Winners”.

“Mighty Cool Like Penthouse” is taken from the 1959 3-LP box set, “The Playboy Jazz All-Stars”.

(About the Playboy LP’s: All the musicians who appear were winners of the annual Playboy Magazine Jazz Poll. It was the idea of Leonard Feather to release these LP’s, with the help of other producers like Norman Granz, George Avakian, and Lester Koenig. The LP’s were superb “Deluxe” editions, with laminated gatefold picture sleeves and an integral biography/discography booklet on all the major artists.)

The first edition of this series, “The Playboy Jazz All-Stars Winners”, was released in 1957. Strangely enough, neither “Base Ball” nor “Mighty Cool Like Penthouse”, both recorded for Verve Records, have ever been issued anywhere other than on these Playboy LP’s. To finally find them here on this CD is an event!

As you will hear, Ray is at his best on all the tracks. His sound in 1946 is already amazing, but you definitely hear his big sound and full tones in the trio setting recorded in 1950. At that period, he often quotes from a great bass-playing “original” of the1930’s famous for playing arco and humming along simultaneously, Mr. Slam Stewart.

The fantastic composer/arranger Marty Paich’s “Bass Hit” recording is eloquent testimony to Ray’s ease in front of a big band. While Ray Brown is “the main man” here, there are also tasty solos by “Sweets” Edison, Jimmy Giuffre, Herb Ellis, and Herb Geller.

The trio with Herb Ellis and Master drummer Stan Levey on “Base Ball” is so wonderful, it’s a pity this tune is so short.

Another forgotten great session, “This Is Ray Brown”, provides us with some very unusual and very interesting configurations and sounds. Jerome Richardson plays flute the entire session with Oscar Peterson playing the organ, while Herb Ellis switches to acoustic guitar.

The rarest of finds -- the trio of Ray Brown, Hank Jones, and Ed Thigpen – provides the finale to this super double-CD set. It’s a mystery why they only recorded one track and a shame they didn’t record an entire album together!

As you play this 2-CD set, you will appreciate how extraordinary it is that one bass player could fit so beautifully into all the various settings, styles, rhythms, tunes, and combinations of musicians.

Listen, and you will understand why I say: “Ray Brown was The Man!”

Very warm thanks to my friend Albert Stolz (Zurich, Switzerland) and to the Swiss Jazz Museum, “Jazzorama”, (Uster, Switzerland) who helped us complete this compilation.
Check also the article on SuperBass 2 with Ray Brown, John Clayton and Christian McBride. - Ray Brown (double bass player) sheet music.


Ray Brown. Photos © Ted Williams / Ray Brown Collection.
 


Ray Brown in Santa Fe. Photo © Paul Slaughter. Ray Brown sheet music.

Recommended recordings by Ray Brown, the jazz double bassist:
 

Ray Brown on double bass: The Man, 2009. Order the double-CD with the complete recordings from 1946-1959 from Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr or Amazon.ca.


Ray Brown on double bass: New Two Bass Hits, 1994. With fellow bassist Pierre Boussaquet and pianist Jacky Terrasson. Order the CD from Amazon.com or Amazon.de.


Quincy Jones: Smackwater Jack, 1971 (2000). Order the CD from Amazon.fr. The original recording remastered (2009). Order the CD from Amazon.com, Amazon.ca, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr or Amazon.co.uk.


The Holly Hofmann Quartet featuring Ray Brown on bass: Live at Birdland, 2000. Oder the CD from Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.fr, Amazon.ca or Amazon.de.


Ray Brown: Walk On, Telarc, 2003. Order the double-CD from Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.ca or Amazon.fr.



The Count Basie Trio: For The First Time, 1991. Oder the CD from Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr or Amazon.ca.


Duke Ellington and Ray Brown: This One's For Blanton, 1994. Order the CD from Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.de or Amazon.fr. -
Ray Brown sheet music.

Ray Brown (1926-2002) was the Godfather of
“Beethoven” aka Jean-Michel Reisser, the author of this article. L.G.






Ray Brown. Photos © Chuck Stewart / Ray Brown Collection.

Deutsch Politik Geschichte Kunst Film Musik Lebensart Reisen
English Politics History Art Film Music Lifestyle Travel
Français Politique Histoire Arts Film Musique Artdevivre Voyages

Index  Advertise  Werbung  Links  Feedback
© Copyright www.cosmopolis.ch  Louis Gerber  All rights reserved.